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  • Even after classes have commenced, course descriptions and online syllabus information may be subject to change according to the size of each class and the students' comprehension level.

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Course Information

Year 2019  School School of Social Sciences
Course Title
Global Food Security : Demand and Supply Challenges

Instructor GEMMA, Masahiko
Term/Day/Period fall semester  Tues.4
Category Introduction (Economic and Environmental Sustainability) Eligible Year 1st year and above Credits 2
Classroom 14-404 Campus waseda
Course Key 18G0000006 Course Class Code 01
Main Language English
  Course Code ECNA261L
First Academic disciplines Economics
Second Academic disciplines Applied Economics
Third Academic disciplines Agricultural Economics / Environment Economics/Resource Economics
Level Intermediate, developmental and applicative Types of lesson Lecture

Syllabus Information

Latest Update:2019/02/28 18:04:33

Course Outline 【CJSP/TAISI Course】
This class is offered to understand the factors affecting the global food demand and supply conditions and to find potential solutions to the global food security problems. The factors determining the supply and demand conditions of food are explained in detail in relation to the linkage among food, agriculture and rural development. Japan's successful experience in securing food in the early stage of economic growth as a developing country, and its subsequent policy failures for food security experienced in recent decades as a developed country are shown as examples.
Objectives The factors affecting the global food demand and supply conditions will be studied. The students should be able to discuss potential solutions to the global food security problems by the end of the semester.
before/after course of study Before and after class, students are encouraged to go through class materials in CourseN@vi. This will take 60 to 120 minutes each week.
Course Schedule
1:
第1回
1 Global food security: what challenges are we facing?
Runge, Senauer, Pardey and Rosegrant (2003) (Skim the contents.)
(Problems with imbalances in food distributions in the world are discussed. Developing countries face food shortage situations. Developed countries have a situation of over-supply of food. We discuss if any options exist for us to avoid global food crisis through the review of existing studies.)
2:
第2回
2&3 Food demand determinants and concerns over rapid increase in food demand and structural change in food demand
Class materials are prepared and distributed by the instructor for this topic. (Using the data from Asia, we examine the structural change in food demand in response to income growth (economic growth).)
3:
第3回
2&3 Food demand determinants and concerns over rapid increase in food demand and structural change in food demand
Class materials are prepared and distributed by the instructor for this topic. (Using the data from Asia, we examine the structural change in food demand in response to income growth (economic growth).)
4:
第4回
4&5 Food supply constraints and concerns: growth accounting results
Class materials are prepared and distributed by the instructor for this topic. (How food supply can be enhanced will be discussed in class using the results from growth accounting studies.)
5:
第5回
4&5 Food supply constraints and concerns: growth accounting results
Class materials are prepared and distributed by the instructor for this topic. (How food supply can be enhanced will be discussed in class using the results from growth accounting studies.)
6:
第6回
6 Alternative energy policies and potential conflicts with food security objectives
Class materials are prepared and distributed by instructor for this topic. (The technological advances in developing biomass based energy sources are explained first. Then, what has happened in response to promotional policy for biofuel and biodiesel production is described. The ways to avoid potential conflicts with food production are also discussed.)
7:
第7回
7 What policies and institutions do we need to have in order to avoid the shortage of food situation?
Class materials are prepared and distributed by the instructor for this topic. (Whether land reform as an example of institution to encourage productivity growth is useful or not is discussed using the case of Japan. Roles of research and extension activities are also studied using Ruttan (2002).)


8:
第8回
8 Food problems in developing countries and potential solutions
Class materials are prepared and distributed by the instructor for this topic. (Using duality theory, we attempt to understand how the increased agricultural food prices resulting from food shortages constrain economic growth in developing countries. The short-term and long-term solutions are discussed.)
9:
第9回
9&10 Lessons learned from the case of Japanese agriculture
Yamada and Hayami (1991) Chapters 1 &2 (The sources of the growth in agricultural production based on productivity improvement are discussed in class.)
10:
第10回
9&10 Lessons learned from the case of Japanese agriculture
Yamada and Hayami (1991) Chapters 1 &2 (The sources of the growth in agricultural production based on productivity improvement are discussed in class.)
11:
第11回
11 & 12 Combating poverty in developing countries
Effectiveness of public spending on agricultural and rural development is examined for the cases of developing, transition and developed countries using the material prepared by the instructor.
12:
第12回
11 & 12 Combating poverty in developing countries
Effectiveness of public spending on agricultural and rural development is examined for the cases of developing, transition and developed countries using the material prepared by the instructor.
13:
第13回
13 Agricultural adjustment problems in developed countries and solutions
Class materials are prepared and distributed by the instructor for this topic.
(The developed country model is introduced using the same analytical framework as the developing country model from the 5th week classes for comparison purposes. We try understanding how the decreased agricultural food prices as a result of larger shift in technical change lower the welfare of the agricultural producers in developed countries. Solutions to the developed country adjustment problems are discussed in class.)


14:
第14回
14 Economic integration and food security: the EU case under the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)
Class materials are prepared and distributed by the instructor for this topic. (Roles of food security under the CAP are chronologically studied. The impacts of the EU enlargement in 2004 and 2007 are examined to see how the expansion of the EU areas affected the production performance and food security of new and non-new member countries.)

15:
第15回
15 Summary and final written examination
Textbooks No textbook is assigned for this course.
Reference The following books and journal articles are useful references on the issues which are covered in this course.
1) Runge, C. Ford, Benjamin Senauer, Philip G. Pardey and Mark W. Rosegrant, “Ending Hunger in Our Lifetime: Food Security and Globalization”, John Hopkins University Press, 2003
2) Hayami, Yujiro. “Development Economics”, 2nd ed., Oxford University Press, 2001
3) Yamada, Saburo and Yujiro Hayami, “The Agricultural Development of Japan: A Century’s Perspective (Chapters 1&2)”, University of Tokyo Press, 1991
4) Ruttan, Vernon, “Productivity Growth in World Agriculture: Sources and Constraints”, Journal of Economic Perspective, 16(4): 161-184, 2002
Evaluation
Rate Evaluation Criteria
Exam: 50% An essay type final examination will be given in class.
Papers: 20% A small class project will be conducted and its results presented in a paper. The paper will be graded for its contents and structure.
Class Participation: 30% Attendance and active participation in class discussions are evaluated.
Others: 0% NA
Note / URL

・CJSP以外の学生が履修する場合の配当年次は2年以上です。
・With the exception of CJSP students, this course is for second-year students and above.

本科目は未済試験制度および再試験制度適用除外科目です。

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