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  • Even after classes have commenced, course descriptions and online syllabus information may be subject to change according to the size of each class and the students' comprehension level.

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Course Information

Year 2019  School Graduate School of Environment and Energy Engineering
Course Title
Global Food and Resource Issues

Instructor GEMMA, Masahiko
Term/Day/Period   
Category Lectures Eligible Year 1st year and above Credits 2
Classroom 14-510共同利用研究室5 Campus waseda
Course Key 540101W348 Course Class Code 01
Main Language English
  Course Code ECNA601L
First Academic disciplines Economics
Second Academic disciplines Applied Economics
Third Academic disciplines Applied Economics
Level Level of Master Types of lesson Lecture

Syllabus Information

Latest Update:2019/01/18 16:01:11

Course Outline

【CJSP Course】
 Demand side challenges have been emerging in food and natural resource markets. Conflicts have been observed for energy security and food security goals in land use for energy and food crop production. This course is offered to understand global food and resource challenges and to learn the methodologies to analyze the conditions for avoiding conflicts and achieving sustainable development objectives. Policy implications are also discussed in the review of existing literature.

 

Objectives   To understand global food and resource challenges is one objective of this course. To learn basic tools of analyzing the conditions for avoiding conflicts and achieving sustainable development objectives is the other goal.
before/after course of study Before and after class, students are encouraged to go through class materials in CourseN@vi. This will take 60 to 120 minutes each week.
Course Schedule
1:
第1回

Class 1

 Global food security: what challenges are we facing

Runge, Senauer, Pardey and Rosegrant (2003) (Skim the contents.)

(Problems with imbalances in food distributions in the world are discussed. Developing countries face food shortage situations. Developed countries have a situation of over-supply of food. We discuss if any options exist for us to avoid global food crisis through the review of existing studies.)


 

2:
第2回

Class 2

Food demand determinants and concerns over rapid increase in food demand and structural change in food demand

Class materials are prepared and distributed by the instructor for this topic. (Using the data from Asia, we examine the structural change in food demand in response to income growth (economic growth).)

3:
第3回

Class 3

Food demand determinants and concerns over rapid increase in food demand and structural change in food demand  (Continued)

Class materials are prepared and distributed by the instructor for this topic. (Using the data from Asia, we examine the structural change in food demand in response to income growth (economic growth).)

4:
第4回

Class 4

Food supply constraints and concerns: growth accounting results

Class materials are prepared and distributed by the instructor for this topic. (How food supply can be enhanced will be discussed in class using the results from growth accounting studies.)

5:
第5回

Class 5

Food problems in developing countries and potential solutions

Class materials are prepared and distributed by the instructor for this topic. (Using duality theory, we attempt to understand how the increased agricultural food prices resulting from food shortages constrain economic growth in developing countries. The short-term and long-term solutions are discussed.)

6:
第6回

Class 6

What policies and institutions do we need to have in order to avoid the shortage of food situation?

Class materials are prepared and distributed by the instructor for this topic. (Whether land reform as an example of institution to encourage productivity growth is useful or not is discussed using the case of Japan. Roles of research and extension activities are also studied using Ruttan (2002).)

7:
第7回

Class 7

 Agricultural adjustment problems in developed countries and solutions

Class materials are prepared and distributed by the instructor for this topic.

(The developed country model is introduced using the same analytical framework as the developing country model from the 5th week class for comparison purposes. We try understanding how the decreased agricultural food prices as a result of larger shift in technical change lower the welfare of the agricultural producers in developed countries. Solutions to the developed country adjustment problems are discussed in class.)

 

8:
第8回

Class 8

Lessons learned from the case of Japanese agriculture

Yamada and Hayami (1991) Chapters 1 &2 (The sources of the growth in agricultural production based on productivity improvement are discussed in class.)

9:
第9回

Class 9

Alternative energy policies and potential conflicts with food security objectives

Class materials are prepared and distributed by instructor for this topic. (The technological advances in developing biomass based energy sources are explained first. Then, what has happened in response to promotional policy for biofuel and biodiesel production is described. The ways to avoid potential conflicts with food production are also discussed.)   

 

10:
第10回

Class 10

Climate change problems: causes and potential solutions and historical perspectives Are human activities main causes?

11:
第11回

Class 11

Climate change problems: impacts on agricultural and food economies

12:
第12回

Class 12

Climate change problems: cases in developing countries

Climate change problems: cases in Asia and Japan

13:
第13回

Class 13

Ways to reduce GHG emissions by businesses 

Ways to reduce GHG emissions by communities

Ways to reduce GHG emissions by agricultural and food economies

14:
第14回

Class 14

Political economy of climate change: international and domestic perspectives

How can we make sure that commitments are fulfilled? : institutions and policies

15:
第15回

Class 15

Summary and final written examination

Textbooks No textbook is assigned for this course.
Reference Various academic papers and book chapters are utilized as reference materials. Most class materials are distributed through CourseN@vi. The explanation is provided in the first class.
Evaluation
Rate Evaluation Criteria
Exam: 50% An essay type final examination will be given in class. A set of sample questions will be given one week before the examination in order to better prepare for the examination.
Papers: 20% A small class project will be conducted. The prepared paper will be graded for its contents and structure.
Class Participation: 30% Attendance and active participation in class discussions are evaluated.
Others: 0% NA
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